The Miaphysite Churches (or “Oriental Orthodox Churches”), all in communion with each other are :

  • Armenian Apostolic Church
  • Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin
  • Holy See of Cilicia
  • Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople
  • Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem
  • Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch
  • Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
  • Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria
  • French Coptic Orthodox Church
  • Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
  • Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church

Other Miaphysite Churches, not in communion with the Oriental Orthodox Churches, include

  • The Celtic Orthodox Church
  • The Ancient British Church
  • The British Orthodox Church


Sometimes it is called as henophysitism. Miaphysitism is Cyril of Alexandria’s Christological formula holding that in the one person of Jesus Christ, divine nature and human nature are united (μία, mia – “one” or “unity”) in a compound nature (“physis”), the two being united without separation, without mixture, without confusion and without alteration. Historically, Chalcedonian Christians have considered Miaphysitism in general to be   Read More...


The term “miaphysitism” arose as a response to Dyophysite criticisms of Monophysitism. As Nestorianism had its roots in the Antiochene tradition and was opposed by the Alexandrian tradition, Christians in Syria and Egypt who wanted to distance themselves from the extremes of Nestorianism and wished to uphold the integrity of their theological position adopted this term Miaphysite to express their position.   Read More...


  • Nestorianism stressed the distinction between the divine and the human in Christ to such an extent that it appeared that two persons were living in the same body. The view was condemned at the Council of Ephesus.
  • Eutychianism stressed the unity of Christ's nature to such an extent that Christ's divinity consumed his humanity as the ocean consumes a drop of vinegar. The view was condemned at the Council of Chalcedon.

In response to Eutychianism, the latter Council adopted dyophysitism, which clearly distinguished between person and nature, stating that Christ is one person in two natures, but emphasizes that the natures are “without confusion, without change, without division, without separation”.

The Monophysites rejected this definition as verging on Nestorianism and instead adhered to a wording of Cyril of Alexandria, the chief opponent of Nestorianism, who had spoken of the “one (mia) nature of the Word of God incarnate” (μία φύσις τοῦ θεοῦ λόγου σεσαρκωμένη mía phýsis toû theoû lógou sesarkōménē)[3] but they failed to see the distinction between the emphatic masculine form Mono and the less emphatic feminine form Mia[citation needed].   Read More...

Joint Commission of the Theological Dialogue
Between the Orthodox Church and the Oriental Orthodox Churches
Agreed Statement

We have inherited from our fathers in Christ the one apostolic faith and tradition, though as churches we have been separated from each other for centuries. As two families of Orthodox Churches long out of communion with each other we now pray and trust in God to restore that communion on the basis of the common Apostolic faith of the undivided church of the first centuries which we confess in our common Creed.    Read More...

Oriental-Reformed Dialogue
Agreed Statement on Christology

‘We confess our Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten son of God, perfect in divinity and perfect in humanity, consisting of a rational soul and a body, begotten of the Father before the ages according to His divinity, the same, in the fullness of time, for us and for our salvation, born of the Virgin Mary, according to his humanity; the Same consubstantial with the Father according to His divinity, and consubstantial with us according to His humanity.   Read More...


Three main Christian Groups:

  • Roman Catholic
  • Orthodox
  • Protestant

Essentially the Orthodox Church shares much with the other Christian Churches in the belief that God revealed himself in Jesus Christ, and a belief in the incarnation of Christ, his crucifixion and resurrection. The Orthodox Church differs substantially in the way of life and worship and in certain aspects of theology. The Holy Spirit is seen as present in and as the guide to the Church working through the whole body of the Church, as well as through priests and bishops.   Read More...